One of the most beautiful cities in Austria, Salzburg is famous for its palaces, museums, and narrow medieval streets. Did you know that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born here? There is even a museum where you can check out his first violin. If you want to hear more about this amazing city, check out our list of top 10 things to see and do in Salzburg.
- Salzburger Altstadt
The Old Town (Salzburger Altstadt) is definitely part of the city worth visiting. It has a busy pedestrian area with dozens of old merchant homes that date back to the 15th century. Some of the highlights include a number of galleries, a couple of lovely old courtyards, and many boutiques and cafes. Don’t forget to check out the Old Market and the historical Court Pharmacy from the 13th century. There is also Florian’s Fountain which is located in the middle of the square.
- Mozart’s Birthplace
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born right here in Salzburg in 1756 and the good news is that you can visit the building where he grew up together with his family. Today, this property is a museum where you can take a look dozens of artifacts such as his childhood violin, family letters, and a couple of portraits. The museum is open daily from 9 am to 5 30 pm and the entrance costs 10 euro.
- Salzburg Fortress (Festung Hohensalzburg)
Salzburg Fortress was originally built in the 11th century when there was a conflict between Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregor VII. The fortress was never in its history conquered by anyone and it opened its gates to the public in the 20th century. This place used to be a prison, a military complex, and even an army camp over the centuries. Visitors can check out three small museums, a couple of courtyards, and the famous torture chamber. Go to the top of the compound for amazing views of the city and explore the gothic-style rooms with complex ceiling vaults. The admission costs around 12 euro, but if you have a Salzburg card, you can enter for free.
- Salzburg Cathedral
Well-known for its Italian style and built in 1657, the Salzburg Cathedral features two 79-meter towers and three large bronze doors with symbols of hope, love, and faith. There are also the burial vaults in the crypt worth visiting, as well as the cathedral’s museum which features a great collection of liturgical objects. Don’t forget to check out the four marble statues that represent St. Rupert, Virgil, Peter, and Paul.
- Mirabell Palace and Gardens
Originally built in the beginning of the 17th century as a present and home to prince archbishop’s mistress, Mirabell Palace, and Gardens was later completed in both Neoclassical and Baroque style. The front of the building is quite plain, but the lush gardens in the back that feature beautiful statues of mythological people are definitely a must-see attraction. Mirabell Palace and Gardens is also a popular wedding spot.
- Red Bull Hangar-7
One of the most visited museums in the city, Red Bull Hangar-7 features a great collection of historical helicopters, airplanes, and racing cars from Formula One. What I like about this museum is that it is impressive both from the inside and from the outside. If you get hungry after sightseeing, Red Bull Hangar-7 houses Ikarus, a Michelin-starred restaurant. There is also a lounge and two bars on-site for those who want to unwind with a drink or two.
- Hellbrunn Castle (Schloss Hellbrun)
One of the most famous landmarks in the city, Hellbrunn Castle was built in 1077 and is one of the biggest fortresses in this part of Europe. There are several medieval rooms which are open to the public, as well as a couple of courtyards. The castle is also home to the International Summer Academy and features numerous open-air concerts.
Dating back to the 17th century, Petersfriedhof is the oldest cemetery in all of Austria and the final resting place of several aristocrats from Salzburg. Some of the other notable people buried here include the younger brother of Joseph Hayden’s and Mozart’s sister. Check out the catacombs above the altars, murals, and dozens of rooms which are open to the public. The most famous attraction at Petersfriedhof is the place where the Von Trapp family was hiding while trying to escape from the Nazis during the Second World War.
- Peter’s Abbey (Stift St. Peter)
Founded in 690 AD by St. Rupert, St. Peter’s Abbey used to serve as the main residence of the Archbishops until the beginning of the 12th century. Some of the highlights include family tombs from the 17th century and St. Peter’s Churchyard. Don’t leave without visiting the St. Maximus’ Chapel and St. Peter’s Fountain which was built in 1673.
- Haus der Natur (House of nature)
If you are traveling with kids, Haus der Natur should definitely be included on the list of places to visit in Salzburg. This interactive science museum features a number of exhibitions like music, energy, and space technology, as well as a wheelchair obstacle course. If you wish to let your kids have fun and just chill, there is a small café on-site that serves delicious breakfast and drinks.